Gregory Diehl, M.D.

Specializing in Reconstructive Plastic Surgery of Skin Cancer

Board Certified in Plastic Surgery since 1992

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Plastic Surgery Glossary Long Island


Abdominoplasty:  A surgical procedure to remove extra fat and skin from the abdomen and to tighten the muscles in the abdominal wall.  This procedure is commonly referred to as a tummy tuck.

Areola:  Pigmented tissue surrounding and including the nipples.

Arm Lift:  A surgical procedure to remove excess skin and fat from the arm area, especially after large amount of weight loss.

Axillary Breast Augmentation:  Breast augmentation  via the incision in the arm pit area resulting in no visible scar on the breasts.  This incision will be where the breast implants will be inserted.

Blepharoplasty:  A surgical procedure that reduces bagginess from lower eyelids and raises drooping upper eyelids.  The procedure involves the removal of excess skin, muscle and underlying fatty tissue.

Breast augmentation/Breast Enlargement:  A surgical procedure of placing implants in the breasts to increase their size.

Breast Lift:  A surgical procedure to lift droopy breasts.

Botulinum Toxin A:  A substance derived from botulinum toxin that works by preventing nerve impulses from reaching the muscle, causing the muscle to relax.

Brachioplasty:  Medical term for arm lift where excess skin and fat are removed from arms after a large amount of weight loss.

Brow lift:  A surgical procedure in which the skin of the forehead and eyebrows is tightened to eliminate sagging eyebrows or correct frown lines in the forehead.

Chemical peel:  A process in which a chemical solution is applied to the skin to remove dead skin cells and stimulate the production of new skin cells. This process is also called a chemexfoliation.

Collagen:  The major structural proteins in the skin that give the skin its strength and resilience.

Crow’s Feet:  Also known as “laugh lines”, crow’s feet are the fine lines found around the eyes.  They are often caused by sun exposure and smiling.  Smoking also contributes to their formation.

Dermabrasion:  A procedure where a patient’s upper layers of skin, scarred from acne, pox or other causes such as aging, is removed using a high-powered rotating brush.

Deviated septum:  A condition in which the septum (the wall inside the nose that divides it into two sides) is not located in the middle of the nose where it should be. The condition is commonly treatable with surgery.

Dual-plane augmentation:  There are three places that a breast implant may be placed: under the breast only (sub-glandular), under the pectoral muscle only (sub-muscular), and a combination of the two – the upper part on the implant under the muscle and the lower half under the breast (hence, “dual-plane”).  The dual-plane is used when the breast has some ptosis (the nipple/areola has dropped below the level of the breast crease).

Endoscopy:  Endoscopy means looking inside the body using an endoscope, an instrument used to examine an area inside.

Exfoliate:  To remove the top layer of skin.  Chemical peels and dermabrasion are examples of methods in which the skin is exfoliated.

Eye lift: See “Blepharoplasty”

Facelift: See “Rhytidectomy”

Facial Fillers/Restylane, Radiesse, Juvederm:  A procedure where hyaluronic acid filler material is injected to smooth  creases and wrinkles, especially around the nose and mouth areas.  This procedure is also referred to as “non-surgical” face lift.

Full Tummy Tuck:  A surgical procedure to remove excess fat and skin from the abdomen area.  Tightening of the abdominal muscles is also done to create a firm and flat belly.

Gynecomastia:  A surgical procedure to remove any excess male breast tissue.   Male breast reduction surgery is mostly done by liposuction.

Hyaluronic Acid (HA):  Naturally occurring, hydrating substance found in your skin. As you age, you start to lose HA, which causes the skin to lose structure and volume.

Hyperpigmentation:  A skin condition in which there is excessive pigmentation, often seen as dark spots on the skin.

Hypertrophic scar:  A raised and red scar, similar to a keloid scar, but different in that it stays within the boundaries of the injury site.

Hypopigmentation:  A skin condition in which there is a lack of pigmentation.

Inframammary Breast AugmentationBreast augmentation is done through an incision through under the breast area where the breast fold is located.  This incision is where the breast implants will be inserted.

Keloid scar:  A type of scar that continues to grow beyond what is needed at the site of an injury. This type of scar is caused by too much collagen forming while the skin is being repaired.  The tendency to develop keloid scars is genetic.

Lip Augmentation: A procedure to lips to make them fuller, correct their symmetry or to reduce fine lines and wrinkles around them. This is often done through injections of hyaluronic acid fillers such as Juvederm or Restylane or sometimes implants.

Lipoplasty:  See “liposuction”

Liposuction:  A cosmetic procedure in which a special instrument called a cannula is used to break up and suck out fat from the body. This procedure is also known as lipoplasty.

“Lollipop” Lift:  This is a common name for breast lift where the incisions resemble the look of a “lollipop”.

Male Breast Reduction:  See “Gynecomastia.

Mammoplasty:  Any reconstructive or cosmetic surgical procedure that alters the size or shape of the breast

Massive Weight Loss/ Post Gastric Bypass Surgery:  Consisting mainly of tummy tuck, breast lift, liposuction and arm lift these surgical procedure will help restore the pre-weight gain body.

Mastectomy: The surgical removal of part or the entire breast.

Mastopexy: Also called a breast lift, this procedure removes excess skin in order to lift up sagging or drooping breasts.

Mini tummy tuck:  With a smaller scar than a full tummy tuck, mini tummy tuck will remove excess skin and fat from under the belly button area to the pubis, whereas full tummy tuck will remove excess skin and fat from above belly button and wider width of the abdomen area to pubis.

Mommy Makeover:  Consisting mainly of tummy tuck, breast augmentation, breast lift and liposuction, mommy makeover will restore the body to the pre-baby body.

Non-surgical Face Lift:  See facial fillers

Otoplasty:  A surgical procedure done to correct misshapen or protruding ears.

Peels:  Exfoliating the skin with either a chemical substance such as acid or a mechanical method such as dermabrasion.  Peels exfoliate and rejuvenate the skin while stimulating collagen reproduction, resulting in younger looking skin.

Photo-aging:  The changes that occur to the skin due to exposure to the sun. This includes wrinkles and age spots.

Ptosis:  The drooping of a body part, especially the eyelids or the breasts.

Retinol:  A derivative of Vitamin A commonly found in many skin care creams.

Rhinoplasty:  A cosmetic procedure used to enhance or change the appearance of the nose.  Rhinoplasty is commonly referred to as a nose job.

Rhytidectomy:  Commonly called a facelift, this surgical procedure is done to eliminate the sagging, drooping, and wrinkled skin of the face and neck.

Rosacea:  A skin condition with an array of symptoms, including redness and puffiness on several areas of the face, including the cheeks and nose. Rosacea cannot be cured, but treatment should be sought since the condition can worsen over time if not treated correctly or promptly.  Peels have been known to be effective in patients with rosacea.

Saline Breast Implants:  Lactated ringer solution is contained in the breast implants rather than silicone.

“Scarless” Breast Augmentation:  This is a breast augmentation technique where the incision is in the arm pit resulting in no scars on the breasts.

Septoplasty:  A surgical procedure done to improve the flow of air to the nose by repairing malformed cartilage and/or the bony portion. The procedure is often performed along with a rhinoplasty.

Silicone Breast Implants:  Silicone material is contained in the breast implants rather than saline.

Skin Care:  A term to describe treatments to the face to rejuvenate the skin such as peels and dermabrasions.

Trunk Lift:  A surgical procedure to remove excess skin and fat around the entire waist area, especially after a large amount of weight loss.

Tummy Tuck:  A common term used to describe abdominoplasty.  See “abdominoplasty”.

If you have further question call 631-476-7300 for a consultation with a Board Certified Plastic Surgeon, Dr. Gregory Diehl, in Port Jefferson Station, Suffolk County, Long Island.

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